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The Mckenzie Institute

The Mckenzie Story

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100 years of Physiotherapy

Robin McKenzie

His 1956 “Aha!” moment was the genesis of a new method for treating back pain – and after refinement, the basis for an institute now in 28 countries. And the man behind the idea? “Although Robin McKenzie received many accolades and awards internationally and locally, he was just a humble New Zealander who had vision, tenacity, courage, and an amazing depth of compassion which led him always to want to help more and more people, in whatever way he could.” – Celia Monk MPNZ in her obituary written for Physiotherapy New Zealand members

Robin McKenzie CNZM, OBE, FCSP (Hon), FNZSP (Hon), Dip MDT, Dip MT

“Robin was a man of great vision and pioneering spirit… a sign of his tenacity and curiosity is that over the next few years and decades he worked hard at developing the system we all now know as the McKenzie method of Mechanical Diagnostics and Therapy (MDT).”

Read more of the obituary Celia Monk wrote for the June 2013 Physio Matters (pdf)

Empowering patients to treat themselves

Treat your own back and Treat your own neck are the two books Robin wrote for patients. More than six million copies sold attest to their popularity. Yet he published the first one himself (in the 1970s) because no publisher would accept it!

“The answers to most problems are within the patient,” Robin said in the oral history recorded in 2011 for Physiotherapy New Zealand. “Exhaust all possibilities using the patient’s own movements and positions before you apply external force,” he told physios. “When you’ve exhausted all the patient’s own potential, you may need to apply more pressure with your hands… I reckon you have to put your hands on in about one out of ten.”

He urged physios to learn from their patients. “The patient has the answer. If you get the patient’s confidence you’re half-way there… Gaining the patient’s confidence is key… The patient will then do anything you ask… It’s something we’re not taught to do, but it should be taught… Too many of the therapies we apply create patient dependency… Teach patients to manage their own problems.”

Listen to Robin’s oral history.

It’s in Part 4 that he talks about his chance observation of hyperextension which he then observed and trialed with many patients, on his way to establishing the McKenzie Method.

His own spine

His family Robin described as, “The truly strong spine of my life.” They were his wife Joy, four children, and six grandchildren. As the McKenzie Institute obituary describes, “They supported him through the struggles of his early professional career, celebrated the accolades he received for his achievements, and supported him in the difficult times of his illness” (at the end of his life).

Robin’s other absorbing interests were sailing and gardening. At his funeral there were humorous accounts of near-disasters during his sailing adventures.

Encouraging others

Celia Monk refers to his encouragement and support for young staff members. He also set up scholarships in New Zealand for new graduate physiotherapists to learn the MDT.

Robin’s life

Born in 1931, Robin went to Wairarapa College and Otago University, then the New Zealand School of Physiotherapy in Dunedin where he graduated in 1952. He did compulsory military training with the army medical corps, and later undertook officer training, after which he had to do two weeks’ training every year. “We had enormous fun,” he says in his oral interview. “We were all amateurs playing at being doctors and physios in the army.”

At age 23 he grabbed the opportunity for his first private clinic. It was in Kelburn Chambers, on the Terrace in Wellington, and had been started by an early practitioner in 1920. Being close to Parliament, he treated the Prime Minister Sidney Holland and other MPs.

In 1982 Robin formed the McKenzie Institute International, to educate clinicians in MDT and support research. He gained much recognition nationally and internationally and many honours, including an Honorary Fellowship of the NZ Society of Physiotherapists (1985) and Honorary Life Membership of the NZ College of Physiotherapy (1998). He was made a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2000. In 2004, members in the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association named him the number one most influential and distinguished physical therapist in the field of orthopaedic physical therapy.

Robin wrote six books and many journal articles, and was in huge demand internationally as a speaker and consultant.

He played a key part in setting up the New Zealand Private Physiothrapists Association and the New Zealand Manipulative Physiotherapists Association.

On 13 May 2013 Robin died of cancer, surrounded by his family, at his home in Raumati South, New Zealand.

Read the PNZ media release after Robin’s death (includes links to newspaper articles).


Many thanks to the McKenzie Institute for their help and for use of their photos.